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Few days ago, a colleague of mine asked me what kind of session that is being used in my team’s application. Apparently his team has some sort of problem in handling the session. He asked whether my team use InProc, or OutProc. His question sent me scrambling for answer 🙂 After googling for a while, here’s what I found:

  • InProc SessionState: The session will be stored in the memory of ASP.NET server.
  • OutProc SessionState: The session will be serialized and stored in other machine (StateServer machine or SQLServer machine).

To decide which SessionState that is most suitable for your environment, please consider the following points:

  1. Performance:
    • InProc: fastest, but consume more memory
    • OutProc (StateServer): slower than InProc, due to transport overhead and serialization cost
    • OutProc (SQLServer): slower than OutProc (StateServer), due to transport overhead and serialization cost
  2. Robustness:
    • InProc: session data will be lost when the IIS process restarted/stopped.
    • OutProc (StateServer): session data will NOT be lost when the IIS process restarted/stopped. But the StateServer machine will become the single point of failure. All sessions in any ASP.NET server linked to this State server will be lost if you restart/stop the StateServer process.
    • OutProc (SQLServer): almost the same as OutProc (StateServer), but you will not losing the sessions after you restart the SQL Server

To configure session state, add the following code within web.config’s <system.web>

Please note that serialization will cost you least when you store the “Basic DataTypes”. They are:

  1. Any numeric data types (Int32, Byte, Int64, etc)
  2. String
  3. DateTime
  4. TimeSpan
  5. GUID
  6. IntPtr and UIntPtr

If your ASP.NET application will be deployed in a web farm, consider using either StateServer or SQLServer to store your sessions. You can choose to use the commercial or the open-source solution. 🙂 Unfortunately, I was unable to find any decent performance review of NCache without the marketing vibe 🙁 But maybe in the future I might write something based on this blog post


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About Hardono

Hi, I'm Hardono. I am working as a Software Developer. I am working mostly in Windows, dealing with .NET, conversing in C#. But I know a bit of Linux, mainly because I need to keep this blog operational. I've been working in Logistics/Transport industry for more than 11 years.

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  1. Visiting here, and just put your link in my blog. (Even I don’t understand what language you are using here, lol! 😀 )

  2. Thanks Bro 🙂

  3. interested in writing book?
    contact me in my inbox 🙂